Sabby Sheemar
Ms. Nelson
English 3 Period
February 13, 2012


Have you ever had a dream in the past that you have now given up on? Having a dream is the most important part of being alive. Without dreams, there is no point in life. Langston Hughes uses idioms, personifications, and metaphors to create the theme that is to never give up on your dreams in “Dreams”.
To begin, Langston Hughes uses idioms to explain the theme to the reader the theme of the poem. “Hold past to dreams.” The author says here to keep believing in your dreams. The author uses idioms to tell the reader to never give up on your dreams.
Secondly, Langston Hughes uses personifications to show the reader the theme. “For if dreams die…” The author here says that dreams can get ruined. The author uses personifications to ask the reader, what would you do if you gave up on your dreams?
Finally, Langston Hughes uses metaphors to show the theme. “Life is a broken-winged bird/ That cannot fly”. The author says here that life is pointless without dreams. The author uses metaphors to explain to the reader that there is no use of being alive if you have nothing to live for.
In conclusion, Hughes uses idioms, personifications, and metaphors to explain to the reader that giving up on dreams is wrong. Has giving up on your dreams given you a good life. If not, then you have a decision to make. Are you going to keep your life as it is right now, or follow your dreams and become who you always wanted to be? The decision is for you to make and the world to find out.


Langston Hughes – Sheemar

Born: February 1, 1902 in Joplin, Missouri

Died: May 22, 1967

Langston Hughes was born in Joplin, Missouri. Shortly after his birth, Hughes went to live with his poor grandma. Hughes had a lonely childhood because his grandma could never give him the attention that he needed.

Langston Hughes Began his career as a writer in high school. In his eighth grade class, Langston was named class poet.

When Langston’s grandmother died, he went to live with his mom in Lincoln, Illinois. After living in Illinois for about a year, Langston’s step-father had found a job in Cleveland. Because of Langston’s step-father, Langston’s family moved to Cleveland.

After high school, Langston decided to be a poet. In college, Langston began his career as a writer. Later on in Langston’s life, his father and he had a conflict. Langston’s father wanted him to be a engineer, but Langston wanted to be a writer. But after some of  Langston’s poems got published, his father accepted Hughes as a poet.


“Langston Hughes – Poetry, Poems, Bios & More.” Web. 27 Feb. 2012. <;.

Langston Hughes.” – Poetry, Poems, Bios & More. Web. 17 Feb. 2012. “Langston Hughes Biography: African-American History: Crossing Boundaries: Kansas Humanities Council.” Kansas Heritage Group | Established 1993 | Kansas (KS) History, Old WestKS, Cities, Museums, Art, Racing, Cowboy Cooking, Laughead Web | Web. 17 Feb. 2012. <;.